Periodontal disease is a disease which affects tissues such as alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum, and gingiva.It’s also called as Gum disease which is the inflammation of the gums in the teeth. It’s the tissue that’s surrounding and holding the teeth. It affects the bone severely and is the major reason for the tooth loss. It’s more prevalent among these days due to dental hygiene. Many of them don’t know how to keep the teeth hygienic and it leads to severe problems.
People often don’t know the symptoms of the disease and it’s painless during its initial stages. The good thing is that the diseases can even be turned around or reversed in its early stages. It occurs in the teeth in stages such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Advanced periodontitis also occurs when gum inflammation gets severe.
The disease is caused by bacteria which is causing the decay of the teeth. It begins when people intake food with carbohydrates full of sugary substance. Bacteria present in the mouth produce plaque. If people didn’t remove the plaque present in the teeth through brushing and cleaning, it causes problems to the teeth and the tissues surrounding the teeth. It also affects the gum.
Gingivitis is a mild stage where gum diseases can be recovered. If the plaque present in the teeth are not cleaned, then it leads to gingivitis. If the plaque is removed through daily teeth. Periodontitis is a severe stage of gum inflammation where it affects the tissues and bones surrounding the teeth. If periodontitis is untreated, it leads to loss of bone, gum, and tissue in the teeth. The immune system of our body also gets affected.
The presence of plaque and tartar in the teeth has to be prevented by regular brushing and flossing. Smoking can be avoided to prevent the diseases in the teeth. Regular check-ups to the dentist and following their instructions are also a way to prevent the diseases.
The various stages of the diseases can be treated in many ways. Initial stages of gum inflammation cannot require any surgical treatment. It can be treated using proper brushing and flossing. Severe or critical stages of gum inflammation (periodontitis) require surgical treatments. People with gum diseases have to be treated by Periodontists. After examining the patients; they start the treatment such as scaling and root planning.
Surgery also requires some patients, so they go for gum graft surgery which is more popular. As a result, it reduces tooth sensitivity and bone loss. Nowadays, laser treatments also available. Depending on the different wavelengths of laser light, the diseases can be treated. Collagen-based products also available to cure periodontal infections. Periodontal Plus AB is a product available in powder content which is used to cure the gum inflammation faster and without any side effects.
The diseases also get affected by diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure, and some infections. People with tobacco habits gets affected by gum inflammation because it contains the substance which makes the healing process slower. If you do not want to lose the teeth to gum inflammation, brush and clean the teeth, maintain a proper diet, avoid smoking and periodical check up for a healthy life.