An anesthesiologist is a medical doctor that is primarily concerned with the care of patients who are undergoing a surgical procedure. Specifically, they are involved in perioperative care, which is attending to the needs of a patient before, during and after surgery. They are a vital component of the surgical team and are often involved when planning surgery. The following discusses the typical job description for an anesthesiologist, as well as the general education requirements needed for this type of career.
Before it is time for a person to have surgery, an anesthesiologist will assess their medical history and note any medications an individual may currently be taking. Based on the information gathered from the person and their medical history, the doctor will then consider the best options for anesthesia. This is a crucial step, as they will also need to manage any preexisting conditions the patient may present with, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Anesthetics are administered to the patient before the surgery begins, which will prevent any feelings of pain during the procedure. The anesthesiologist is also responsible for closely monitoring the vital signs of the patient, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing. They may need to make adjustments of the medication based on the changes that are made in the patient’s vital signs.
The anesthesiologist also plays an important role during the recovery process. During this time, they will need to administer medications that will gradually bring the patient back to a conscious state. The vital signs and physical condition of the individual will still be closely monitored by the anesthesiologist, as they make the decision when the patient is allowed to leave the recovery room.
Anesthesiologists in Savannah and others who hope to embark on this career path must undergo several years of extensive training and meet specific licensing requirements. Upon completing a bachelor’s degree, the student must then fill out the training program at an accredited medical school, which takes an additional four years to complete.
After completing medical school, the student will enter an internship program that offers specialized training, which usually takes one year to complete. For more intensive training relevant to the field, a three or four-year residency program is the next step on the road to becoming an anesthesiologist. During this time, the student will learn how to perform anesthesia under the guidance of trained instructors. They will also work in various subspecialties such as cardiology, critical care, and internal medicine. After achieving certification, many doctors in this field continue to update their skills and knowledge through continuing education courses and seminars.